• List of Birds: Abdim’s Stork, Blue spotted dove, Abyssinian Ground Hornbill, Booted eagle, African Black Crake, Broad billed Roller, African Black-headed Oriole, Bronze Manikini, African Blue Flycatcher , Brown-backed Srub Robin, African Broad Bill, Brown-crowned Tchagra, African Citril, Brown Parrot, African Crowned Eagle, Brown-throated Wattle-eye, African Darter, Buff-spotted Fluff tail, African Fish Eagle, Cardinal Woodpecker, African Golden-breasted Bunting, Cattle Egret, African Golden Oriole, Chinspot Batis, African Goshawk, Common Bulbul, African Green Pigeon, Common Chat, African Grey (domestic), Common Fiscal Shrike, African Grey Hornbill, Common Green hawk, African Hawk Eagle, Common House Martin, African Hoopoe, Common Kestrel, African Jacana, Common Ringed Plover, African Marsh Harrier, Common Waxbill , African Morning Dove, Coqui Francolin, African Open-billed Stork, Crested Francolin, African Paradise Flycatcher, Crowned Hornbill, African Pied Wagtail, Curlew Sandpiper, African Pygmy Kingfisher, Dark-caped Yellow Warbler, African Scoop’s Owl, Double-toothed Barbet, Augur Buzzard, Dusky Tit, Bare-faced Go-away Bird, Eastern Grey Plantain Eater, Barn Swallow, Egyptian Goose, Barred Warbler, Emerald-spotted Wood Dove, Bat Hawk, Eurasian Hobby, Bateleur, Eurasian Nightjar, Black-and-white Shrike Flycatcher, European Bee-eater, Black-and-white Casqued Hornbill, Fan-tailed Widow Bird, Black-and-white Cuckoo, Flappet Lark, Black-and-white Manikin, Fork-tailed Drongo, Black-bellied Bustard, Foxes Weaver, Black-crowned Tchagra, Giant Kingfisher, Black-crowned Waxbill, Goliath Heron, Black Cuckoo, Grassland Pipit, Black-headed Gonolek, Great Blue Turaco, Black-headed Heron, Great Egret, Black-headed Weaver, Great Reed Warbler, Black Kite, Great Sparrow Hawk, Black-shouldered Kite, Greater Blue-eared Starling, Black-winged Bishop, Greater Honey Guide, Black-winged Stilt, Green Crombec, Blue-breasted Kingfisher, Green Wood Hoopoe, Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, Grey-backed Camaroptera, Blue-naped Mouse Bird, Grey-backed Fiscal Shrike, Red-headed Weaver, Red-knobbed Coot, Red-rumped Swallow, Red-throated Wryneck, Red-winged Starling, Red-necked Falcon, Ring-necked Dove, Ross’s Turaco, Ruff, Rufus-billed Heron, Rupell’s Long-tailed Starling, Sacred Ibis, Saddle-billed Stork, Sand Martin, Scaly-throated Honey Guide, Scarlet-chested Sunbird, Sedge Warbler, Semi-coloured Flycatcher, Senegal Coucal, Shikra, Shoebill Stork, Soot Chat, Sooty Falcon, Speckled Pigeon, Speckled Mouse Bird, Speckled Weaver, Spotted Eagle Owl, Spur-winged Lapwing, Spur-winged Goose, Standard-winged Nightjar, Steppe Eagle, Sulphur-breasted Bush Shrike, Superb Starling, Tambourine Dove, Tawny Eagle, Tawny-flanked Prinia, Thick-billed Honey Guide, Tree Pipit, Variable Sunbird, Village Indigobird, Vinaceous Dove, Violet-tipped Courser, Wahlberg’s Eagle, Wattled Lapwing, Western Banded Snake Eagle, Western Black-headed Oriole, White-backed Night Heron, White-bellied Tit,White-browed Coucal,White-browed Robin Chat, White-browed Srub Robin, White-chinned Prinia, White-crested Turaco, White-faced Scop’s Owl, White-faced Whistling Duck, White-fronted Bee-eater, White-headed Barbet, White-headed Mouse Bird, White-headed Saw Wing, White-rumped Swift, White Stork, White-winged Tern, Willow Warbler, Wood Sandpiper, Woodland Kingfisher, Woolly-necked Stork, Yellow-backed Weaver, Yellow-billed Shrike, Yellow-billed Stork, Yellow-breasted Apalis, Yellow-fronted Canary, Yellow-rumped Tinker Bird, Yellow-throated Longclaw, Yellow Wagtail, Eurasian Nightjar, Black-and-white Shrike Flycatcher, European Bee-eater, Black-and-white Casqued Hornbill, Fan-tailed Widow Bird, Black-and-white Cuckoo, Flappet Lark, Black-and-white Manikini, Fork-tailed Drongo, Black-bellied Bustard, Foxes Weaver, Black-crowned Tchagra, Giant Kingfisher, Black-crowned Waxbill, Goliath Heron, etc.


Overview: Murchison Falls Conservation Area is one of the oldest, and is the largest, protected area (PA) in Uganda. It is comprised of Murchison Falls National Park, Bugungu Wildlife Refuge and Karuma Wildlife Refuge. Currently, the national park itself encompasses 3,893sq.km. Bugungu Wildlife Refuge (501 sq.km) and Karuma Wildlife Refuge (678 sq.km) are adjacent and act as buffer zones for the park. In addition is Budongo Forest Reserve which overlaps parts of both wildlife reserves, and covers an additional 591 sq.km. This makes a total of 5,663 sq.km of space that is under some level of protection through controlled use. The national park and the two wildlife reserves are managed by the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) as the Murchison Falls Conservation Area (MFCA) and the Budongo Forest Reserve is managed by the National Forestry Association except where it overlaps with UWA-managed lands. 

  • List of Animals: giraffes, huge herds of buffaloes, elephants, well-camouflaged leopards, a healthy population of lions, Jackson’s hartebeest, bushbucks, Uganda kob, waterbucks and warthogs. Resident crocodiles and hippos, Olive baboons, blue and red-tailed monkeys and black-and-white colobus can be found in the forested sectors. The savannah-dwelling patas monkey and around 800 chimpanzees live in the Kaniyo Pabidi and Budongo Forests 
  • List of birds: its home to a variety of birds with 451 species recorded. The list includes the Shoebill Stork, the Goliath Heron – the largest heron in the world – and pairs of elegant Grey Crowned Cranes – Uganda’s national bird. Also seen along the banks of the Nile are the Blue-headed Coucal, Swamp Flycatcher, Squacco Heron, African Jacana, Sandpipers, Denham’s Bustard, Abyssinian Ground-Hornbill, Black-billed Barbet, Black-headed Gonolek, Eastern Grey Plantain-eater, Piapiac, Silverbird, Weaver Birds, Pied, Giant and Malachite Kingfishers, Red-throated Bee-eater, White-browed Sparrow Weaver, Speckle-fronted Weaver and African Quail-Finch. 


Overview: Has a total area of about 795km2.  Kibale is highest at the park’s northern tip, which stands 1,590m above sea level. The lowest point is 1,100m on the floor of the Albertine Rift Valley to the south. It also contains over 375 species of birds. Kibale adjoins Queen Elizabeth National Park. 

  • List of animals: The Park is home to a total of 70 mammal species: An estimated 500elephants are present, along with buffalos, leopards, warthogs, bush pigs, golden cats and duikers. Most famously 13 species of primate including the chimpanzee, the threatened red colobus and the rare I’Hoest’s monkey, the black-and-white colobus, red-tailed and blue monkeys, grey-cheeked mangabey, olive baboon, bush baby and potto. A keen observer may spot reptiles and amphibians as well as a colorful variety of 250 species of butterflies.


  • List of Birds: The Park boasts more than 375 species of birds. Kibale specials include the African Pitta, Green-breasted Pitta, Afep Pigeon, White-naped Pigeon, Crowned Eagle, Red-chested Owlet, Black Bee-eater, Western Nicator, Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird, Little Greenbul, Brown-chested Alethe, Blue-breasted Kingfisher, African Grey Parrot, Scaly-breasted Illadopsis ,Brown Illadopsis, Black-capped Apalis, Blue-headed Sunbird, Collared Apalis, Dusky Crimsonwing, Purple-breasted Sunbird, Red-faced Woodland Warbler, Yellow Spotted Nicator, Little Green Bul, Black-eared Ground Thrush and the Abyssinian Ground-thrush. 


Overview: With a size of about 1,978km². Queen Elizabeth spans the equator line; monuments on either side of the road mark the exact spot where it crosses latitude 00. The park was founded in 1952 as Kazinga National Park, and renamed two years later to commemorate a visit by Queen Elizabeth II. The park is home to over 95 mammal species and over 600 bird species. The Katwe explosion craters mark the park’s highest point at 1,350m above sea level, while the lowest point is at 910m, at Lake Edward.

  • List of animals: over 10,000 buffalo, antelope, 2500 elephants, a pride of lions, civet, genal, serval cats and maybe even the odd leopard, 5000 hippos, warthogs, waterbuck, Uganda kob, topi, as well as the sitatunga antelope. Ten species of primates, among which are chimpanzees, Vervet and black-and-white colobus monkeys plus baboons 
  • List of Birds: has over 600 bird species, the biggest of any protected area in East Africa. Woodland and forest dwellers in the Maramagambo Forest, 54 raptors and various migratory species. Key species include the Martial Eagle, Black-rumped Buttonquail, African Skimmer, Chapin’s Flycatcher, Pinkbacked Pelican, African Broadbill, Verreaux’s Eagle Owl, Black Bee-eater, White-tailed Lark, White-winged Warbler, Papyrus Gonolek, Papyrus Canary, Corncrake, Lesser and Greater Flamingo, Shoebill, Bar-tailed Godwit.

For the best birding in Queen Elizabeth National Park, don’t miss these birding hot spots: Kazinga Channel, Kasenyi Area, Mweya Peninsula, Maramagambo Forest, Ishasha Sector, Lake Kikorongo, Katunguru Bridge area and Katwe Area Tours can be booked through Katwe Tourism Information Center


Overview: The Park is 996 sq km in size, 70% of which exceeds an altitude of 2,500m above seas level. The park is 120 km long and 48 km wide. It lies in western Uganda along the Uganda-Congo border (It is situated in the Bundibugyo, Kabarole, and Kasese districts, 25 km from the small town of Kasese). The equatorial snow peaks include the third highest point in Africa, while the lower slopes are blanketed in moorland, bamboo and rich, moist montane forest. Huge tree-heathers and colourful mosses are draped across the mountainside with giant lobelias and “everlasting flowers”, creating an enchanting, fairy-tale scene.

It was gazetted in 1991 and was recognized as a World Heritage site in 1994 and Ramseur site in 2008. The highest point: 5,109m above sea level on Mt Stanley’s Margherita Peak is bisected by the border with the DR Congo. The Rwenzori Mountain NP is not volcanic like East Africa’s other major mountains but is a block of rock up faulted through the floor of the Western Rift Valley. The Rwenzoris were christened the “Mountains of the Moon” by the Alexandrine geographer Ptolemy in AD 150. The explorer Henry Stanley placed the Rwenzori on the map on 24th May 1888. He labelled it ‘Ruwenzori’, a local name which he recorded as meaning “Rain-Maker” or “Cloud-King.” The oldest recorded person to reach Margherita Peak was Ms Beryl Park aged 78 in 2010.

  • List of Animals: The Park is home to 70 species of mammal, including six Albertine Rift endemics; four are endemic to the park and three are rare species. Other mammals include the elephant, chimpanzee, Rwenzori otter and leopard. Do look out for primates such as colobus (Angola and black-and-white varieties are both present) and blue monkeys; small antelope such as bushbucks; and unusual reptiles such as the three-horned chameleon.
  • The park is home to 217 bird species including several Albertine Rift endemics.  Among these are 17 species that are endemic to the park making Rwenzori an important birding area (IBA). The forest zone at 1800m contains a diversity of birds including the Rwenzori Turaco, Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo, Long-eared Owl, Handsome Francolin, Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater, Archers’ Robin-chat, White-starred Robin, Rwenzori Batis, Montane Sooty Boubou, Lagden’s Bush Shrike, Slender-billed Starling, Blue-headed Sunbird, Golden-winged Sunbird, Strange Weaver and several varieties of Barbets, Greenbuls, Apalises, IIladopsis, Flycatchers and Crimson wings. 


Overview: Size: 220km² with an altitude of 670-760m above sea level.

Semuliki Forest Reserve was created in 1932 and upgraded to national park status in 1993.

Semuliki National Park sprawls across the floor of the Semliki Valley on the remote, western side of the Rwenzori. The park is dominated by the easternmost extension of the great Ituri Forest of the Congo Basin. This is one of Africa’s most ancient and bio-diverse forests; one of the few to survive the last ice age, 12-18,000 years ago. The Semliki Valley contains numerous features associated with central rather than eastern Africa. Thatched huts are shaded by West African oil palms; the Semliki River (which forms the international boundary) is a miniature version of the Congo River, the forest is home to numerous Central African wildlife species, and the local population includes a Batwa pygmy community that originated from the Ituri. As a result, this park provides a taste of Central Africa without having to leave Uganda. While Semuliki’s species have been accumulating for over 25,000 years, the park contains evidence of even older processes. Hot springs bubble up from the depths to demonstrate the powerful subterranean forces that have been shaping the rift valley during the last 14 million years.

It is the only tract of true lowland tropical forest in East Africa, hosting 441 recorded bird species and 53 mammals.

Large areas of this low-lying park may flood during the wet season,a brief reminder of the time when the entire valley lay at the bottom of a lake for seven million years.
Four distinct ethnic groups live near the park – Bwamba farmers live along the base of the Rwenzori while the Bakonjo cultivate the mountain slopes. Batuku cattle keepers inhabit on the open plains and Batwa pygmies, traditionally hunter gathers, live on the edge of the forest


  • List of Animals: The forest is home to 53 mammals of which 27 are large mammals. 11 species are endemic to the park including the pygmy antelope and two flying squirrel species. It is also home to the peculiar water chevrotain, known as the “fanged deer”, forest elephant, buffalo and is remarkably rich in primates including the chimpanzee, baboon,grey-cheeked mangabey, black-and-white colobus, Central African red colobus, blue, red-tailed, de Brazza’s, vervet, and Dent’s mona monkeys. Nocturnal primates include the potto and bushbaby. Hippos and crocodiles are common along the Semliki River.


  • List of Birds: Birdlife is especially spectacular, with 441 recorded species, representing 40% of Uganda’s total bird species and 66% (216) of the country’s forest bird species. The list is expanded by the riverine habitat and a fringe of grassland in the east of the park. There are numerous rarities; 46 Guinea-Congo biome species are found nowhere else in East Africa while another 35 can be seen in only two or three other places in Uganda. Five species are endemic to the Albertine Rift ecosystem. Species to look out for here include the Nkulengu Rail, Yellow-throated Cuckoo, Piping Hornbill, Red-billed Dwarf Hornbill, Black Dwarf Hornbill, White-crested Hornbill, Black-casqued Wattled Horbill, Red-rumped Tinkerbird, African Piculet, White-throated Blue Swallow, Yellow-throated Nicator, Leaf-love, Swamp Palm Bulbul, Lemon-bellied Crombec, Maxwell’s Black Weaver, Crested Malimbe, Red-bellied Malimbe, Blue-billed malimbe, Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch, Orange-cheeked Waxbill.


Overview:  Size: 33.7km2, sits high in the clouds, at an altitude of between 2,227m and 4,127m making it Uganda’s smallest National Park. The park takes its name from “Gahinga” – the local word for the piles of volcanic stones cleared from farmland at the foot of the volcanoes. The British administration declared the area a game sanctuary in 1930; it was gazetted as a National Park in 1991. Mgahinga has one habituated trans-boundary gorilla group.

As its name suggests, it was created to protect the rare mountain gorillas that inhabit its dense forests, and it is also an important habitat for the endangered golden monkey. As well as being important for wildlife, the park also has a huge cultural significance, in particular for the indigenous Batwa pygmies. This tribe of hunter-gatherers was the forest’s “first people”, and their ancient knowledge of its secrets remains unrivalled. The Batwa were self-sufficient – and visitors can see how during a fascinating tour with a Batwa guide to learn the secrets of the forest.


Overview: Size: 321km2 Altitude: 1,160m – 2,607m above sea level. Bwindi was gazetted as a National Park in 1991 and declared a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site in 1994.  It lies in south-western Uganda on the edge of the Rift Valley. Its mist-covered hillsides are blanketed by one of Uganda’s oldest and most biologically diverse rainforests, which dates back over 25,000 years and contains almost 400 species of plants. More famously, this “impenetrable forest” also protects an estimated 320 mountain gorillas – roughly half of the world’s population, including several habituated groups, which can be tracked.

This biologically diverse region also provides shelter to a further 120 mammals, including several primate species such as baboons and chimpanzees, as well as elephants and antelopes. There are around 350 species of birds hosted in this forest, including 23 Albertine Rift endemics.

  • List of Animals: has a population of around 340 gorillas of which an estimated 116 are habituated, also provides shelter to a further 120 mammals: eleven primate species found here include black-and-white colobus and L’Hoest’s monkeys, baboons and chimps. There are also forest elephants and several species of antelopes. About 200 butterfly species, 42 of which are endemic to the Albertine Rift. 
  • List of Birds: offers some of the finest montane forest bird watching in Africa, and is an un-miss able destination for any birder visiting Uganda. There are an estimated 350 bird species with 23 endemic (90% of all Albertine Rift endemics) and 14 recorded nowhere else in Uganda. Globally threatened species such as African Green Broadbill and Shelley’s Crimson wing are also found here. Other birds include Short-tailed Warbler and Blue-headed Sunbird as well as seven IUCN red data listed species and easy to see are the African Emerald Cuckoo, Common Bulbul, African Blue and White-tailed Blue Flycatchers and Red-headed Bluebill, the Handsome Francolin; Black-billed Turaco; African Broadbill; Black and Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaters; Western Green Tinker bird; Purple-breasted, Blue-headed and Regal Sunbirds; Short-tailed and Black-faced Rufous Warblers; Mountain-masked and Collared Apalis; Mountain and Yellow-streaked Greenbuls; and Many-colored Bush-Shrike, among others.

Birding takes place along the main trail, the Buhoma Waterfall Trail and along the bamboo zone and Mubwindi Swamp trail in Ruhija


 Overview: Size: 1,442km2, altitude ranges between 914m and 2,750m above sea level. The park contains two rivers – Kidepo and Narus – which disappear in the dry season, leaving just pools for the wildlife. The local communities around the park include pastoral Karamojong people, similar to the Maasai of Kenya, and the IK, a hunter-gatherer tribe whose survival is threatened.

Kidepo is Uganda’s most isolated national park, but the few who make the long journey north through the wild frontier region of Karamoja would agree that it is also the most magnificent, for Kidepo ranks among Africa’s finest wildernesses. From Apoka, in the heart of the park, a savannah landscape extends far beyond the gazetted area, towards horizons outlined by distant mountain ranges.

During the dry season, the only permanent water in the park is found in wetlands and remnant pools in the broad Narus Valley near Apoka. These seasonal oases, combined with the open, savannah terrain, make the Narus Valley the park’s prime game viewing location.

Dodoth pastoralists and Ik farmers lived in the area before it was gazetted as a game reserve by the British colonial government in 1958. The purpose was both to protect the animals from hunting and to prevent further clearing of bush for tsetse fly control. The game reserve was converted into the Kidepo Valley National Park in 1962. The first Chief Warden of the National Park was Ian Ross, a Briton. In 1972 Paul Ssali, a Ugandan, replaced him. Their handover and training was the subject of the 1974 American documentary film, “The Wild and the Brave.”

  • List of Animals: The Park contains one of the most exciting faunas of any Ugandan national park. Along with the neighbouring Karamoja region, it houses many species found nowhere else in Uganda, including the greater and lesser kudu, eland and cheetah. Carnivores here include the lion, leopard, spotted hyena and black-backed and side-striped jackals. Other large species regularly seen here are elephant, Burchell’s zebra, bush pig, warthog, Rothschild’s giraffe, Cape buffalo, bushbuck, bush duiker, Defassa waterbuck, Bohor reedbuck, Jackson’s hartebeest and oribi. 
  • List of Birds: The Park boasts an extensive bird list of around 475 species, making it second only in Uganda to Queen Elizabeth National Park. A few species of note are the Ostrich, Kori Bustard and Karamoja Apalis. Kidepo is notable for its birds of prey. Of the 56 species recorded, 14 – including Verreaux’s Eagle, Egyptian Vulture and Pygmy Falcon – are believed to be endemic to the Kidepo and Karamoja region. There has, however, been no comprehensive survey of birds in Kidepo and visitors stand a good chance of adding to the current list.


Overview: Size: 370km2 Altitude: 1,220m – 1,828m above sea level. It is the smallest of Uganda’s savannah national parks and underlain by ancient Precambrian metamorphic rocks which date back more than 500 million years. Wetland habitats comprise 20% of the park’s surface. The parks’ precarious past has seen wildlife virtually eliminated several times: firstly in various attempts to rid the region of tsetse flies, then to make way for ranches, and finally as a result of subsistence poaching. 20% of the park’s entrance fee is used to fund local community projects such as building clinics and schools.

Together with 13 other lakes in the area, Lake Mburo forms part of a 50km-long wetland system linked by a swamp. Five of these lakes lie within the park’s borders. Once covered by open savannah, Lake Mburo National Park now contains much woodland as there are no elephants to tame the vegetation. In the western part of the park, the savannah is interspersed with rocky ridges and forested gorges while patches of papyrus swamp and narrow bands of lush riparian woodland line many lakes.

  • List of Animals: zebra, impala, eland, buffalo, oribi, Defassa waterbuck, leopard, hippo, hyena, topi and reedbuck. 
  • List of Birds: The best birding spots in Lake Mburo National Park include the swampy valleys of Warukiri and Miriti, and the roadsides between Rwonyo camp and the jetty. There are also ideally-situated viewing platforms at the salt lick, in Miriti Valley, and in Rubanga Forest. Species observed at these locations include the Rufous-bellied Heron, Bateleur, Coqui Francolin, Grey Crowned Crane, Black-bellied Bustard, Brown-chested Lapwing, Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove, Brown Parrot, Red-headed Lovebird, Ross’s Turaco, Bare-faced Go-away-bird, Green Wood-hoopoe, Common Scimitar bill, White-headed Barbet, Red-faced Barbet, Nubian Woodpecker, Red-shouldered Cuckoo-shrike, Long-tailed Cisticola, Yellow-breasted Apalis, White-winged Tit and Finfoot among others.


Overview: Size: 1,121km². This extinct volcano is one of Uganda’s oldest physical features, first erupting around 24 million years ago. Mt Elgon was once Africa’s highest mountain, far exceeding Kilimanjaro’s current 5,895m. Millennia of erosion have reduced its height to 4,321m, relegating it to the 4th highest peak in East Africa and 8th on the continent.

Mt Elgon is home to two tribes, the Bagisu and the Sabiny, with the marginalized Ndorobos forced to dwell deep within the forest of Benet.

The Bagisu, also known as the BaMasaba, consider Mount Elgon to be the embodiment of their founding father Masaba and refer to the mountain by this name.

Located on the Uganda-Kenya border it is also the oldest and largest solitary, volcanic mountain in East Africa. It´s vast form, 80km in diameter, rises more than 3,000m above the surrounding plains. The mountain’s cool heights offer respite from the hot plains below, with the higher altitudes providing a refuge for flora and fauna.

  • List of birds: Excellent birding opportunities exist around Kapkwai Forest Exploration Centre, in particular in the secondary forest and thick shrub along the loop trails extended to cover Cheptui Falls. It supports the African Goshawk; Chubb’s Cisticola, White-chinned Prinia, African Blue Fly-catcher, Chinspot Batis, Mackinnon’s Fiscal, Dohertys and Luhders Bush-shrikes, Baglafecht Weaver, Cinnamon Bee Eater, Moustached Tinkerbird, Hartloub`s Turaco, Tacazze Sunbird, Olive- and Bronze-naped pigeons, Black Kite and Black-collared Apalis. including the endangered Lammergeyer
  • List of Animals: Small antelopes, forest monkeys, elephants and buffalos